Your Rights as an Idaho Voter

October 22, 2020

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One of the ways our democracy is ensured is through voting. Voting rights have been a contentious issue throughout America's history, and the ACLU of Idaho wants you to be able to continue to exercise your rights at the ballot box. 

Transgender Voting Rights in Idaho

Voting with a Criminal Conviction 

Voting while Experiencing Homelessness

Student Voting Rights in Idaho


To be eligible to vote in Idaho you must be all of these things:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • A resident of Idaho and in the county for 30 days prior to Election Day
  • At least 18 years old before or on Election Day
  • Not convicted of a felony. If you have been convicted, you must have had your civil rights restored. Your rights are automatically restored once you have completed all sentencing conditions including probation, parole and paid all fines. 

Identification Requirements

Idaho law requests that you show approved picture identification (I.D.) on Election Day before voting or you can sign a Personal Identification Affidavit if you are not registering to vote on Election Day. If you choose to use photo identification, The picture on the I.D. must match your presentation and the name on the I.D. must match the name on the voter registration list.

If you identify as transgender and the photo on your I.D. does not match your presentation, you may still sign the identification affadavit confirm your identity. On the Affidavit, you will have to swear to your identity under penalty of perjury. Putting incorrect information on the affidavit is a felony.

View more transgender voting rights information. [add link]

Accepted Forms of ID

  • Idaho Driver’s License or an Idaho Identification Card issued by the Department of Transportation
  • U.S. passport or Federal Identification card.
  • A tribal photo identification card
  • A current student photo I.D., issued by an Idaho high school or post-secondary education institution.
  • A license to carry a concealed weapon issued by a county sheriff in Idaho.


The Online Voter Registration system (OVR) is now offline until November 4, 2020 due to the upcoming General Election on November 3, 2020. You may still register to vote in-person during your county’s early voting period, and on Election Day (November 3).

  • You may mail in or deliver your completed registration form to your county clerk in person.
  • October 9, 2020 – Voter Pre-registration deadline for the Nov. 3 election. Deadline is postmarked by this date for mailed paper applications, 5 p.m. for paper applications handed in to the county clerk’s office, or until midnight for online applications.
  • If you’re voting for the first time whether paper form or online, you'll need Idaho driver’s license, or a paper form to use the last four digits of your social security number.
  • If sending your registration form by mail, your county elections office will mail you a notification card letting you know that your registration was received.
  • October 19, 2020 – Early voting begins. You can register in person during early voting or on election day.

Register by Mail:

  1. Complete a registration card.
  2. Provide your Idaho driver’s license number or state I.D. number on the form. If you do not have a driver’s license or state ID, you can list the last four digits of your Social Security Number instead.
  3.  Be sure to send in your application so that it is recieved 25 days prior to the election.

Register in Person at Your Polling Place on Election Day:

  1. Complete a registration card.
  2. Provide proof of residency that contains a valid address which matches the address used on your voter registration application.
  3. Provide a photo I.D. card. You cannot sign the Personal Identification Affidavit in lieu of photo I.D. if you are registering in person on the day of the election.

Documents Accepted to Prove Residency:

  • A valid Idaho driver’s license issued through the Department of Transportation.
  • A valid Idaho identification card issued through the Department of Transportation.
  • Any document which contains a valid address in the county you reside, together with a photo identification card.
  • Students may use a valid student identification card from their university or college in Idaho combined with a current student fee statement that contains the student’s valid address in the county with a picture identification card.

Early Voting:

Early Voting is a process that allows you to vote prior to the election if you know you will not be able to cast your ballot on Election Day. You can vote early by using the Absentee Ballot Process.

Absentee Ballot Process

The deadline to request an absentee ballot has passed. The Online Absentee Ballot Request system on the Idaho Secretary of State website is offline. 

  1. Download the absentee ballot application online OR apply to receive an absentee ballot in the mail by submitting a written request to the County Clerk to request an absentee ballot. If you are currently incarcerated, request an absentee ballot from the jail administrators.
  2. Complete the application form and personally sign it.
  3. Submit the form early enough that the County Clerk gets it at least six days before Election Day.

To be a successful voter, your official ballot (NOT the absentee ballot application) must be received by 8:00 pm on Election Day November 3, 2020.

In person early voting at your absentee polling place ends at 5:00 p.m. on Friday, October 30, 2020.

For in-person early voting, contact your county clerk for dates, times, and location of the absentee polling place in your county.

View a list of county clerks

Election Day

On Election Day, polls will be open from 8:00 am to 8:00 pm, unless otherwise posted.

Voting Locations

There are several ways to find out where to vote on Election Day.

View a list of Idaho polling locations by county

  1. If you register to vote at least 25 days before Election Day, you should receive a voter registration card in the mail that tells you where your polling place is, depending on what county you live in.
  2. You can find your polling location at
  3. You can also contact your County Clerk to find out where your polling place is.