Libraries are a cornerstone of American Democracy, ensuring that all people, regardless of their income, education, race, or geographic location, have free and open access to information and lifelong learning so they can meaningfully engage in civic life. Public libraries—because they are public institutions—are bound by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.

Public and school libraries may violate the First Amendment when they:

  • Do not establish neutral criteria for selecting and removing books.  
  • Change library policies to: 
    • remove books or other materials in circulation, or 
    • prevent materials from reaching library shelves because they offend library board members’ or staff members’ personal values. 
  • Remove materials simply because they disagree with, are uncomfortable with, or are offended by the ideas contained in those materials. 
  • Place disfavored books in a separate section of the library or behind the librarians’ desk.  
  • Require parental permission to check out a book. 

Specific examples you might confront:

  • Public libraries may not censor websites because they affirm LGBTQ+ people.
  • Public libraries may not restrict access to books because they affirm LGBTQ+ people and families, such as books depicting romance between two women/men.
  • Public libraries may not remove books because they feature or are written by people of color or because they depict atrocities committed against people of color by white people.

What you can do if your library/school board violates the First Amendment: