2022 Your Rights as an Idaho Voter

March 11, 2022



One of the ways our democracy is ensured is through voting. Voting rights have been contentious issue throughout America’s history, and the ACLU of Idaho wants you to be able to continue to exercise your rights at the ballot box.

Transgender Voting Rights in Idaho

Voting with a Criminal Conviction 

Voting while Experiencing Homelessness

Student Voting Rights in Idaho 


To be eligible to vote in Idaho you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be U.S. citizen 
  • Be a resident of Idaho and in the county for 30 days prior to Election Day 
  • At least 18 years old before or on Election Day 
  • *Have no felony convictions on your criminal record. 

    *In Idaho, you DO NOT lose your right to vote due to a felony conviction. If you have completed all sentencing requirements--including probation and parole--and have paid any requisite fines, you are automatically added back to the voter rolls. 

Identification Requirements 

Idaho law requests that you show approved picture identification (I.D) on Election Day before voting or you can sign a Personal Identification Affidavit if you are not also registering to vote on Election Day. If you choose to use photo identification. The picture on the I.D. must match your presentation, and the name on the I.D. must match the name on the voter registration list. 

If you identify as transgender and the photo on your I.D. does not match your presentation, you may still sign the Personal Identification Affidavit to confirm your identity. On the Affidavit, you will have to swear to your identity under penalty of perjury. Putting incorrect information on the affidavit is a felony.  

View more Transgender Voting Rights information.  

Accepted Forms of ID

  • Idaho Driver’s License or an identification card issued by the Idaho Department of Transportation 
  • U.S. passport or Federal Identification card 
  • A tribal photo identification card 
  • A current student photo I.D. issued by an Idaho high school or post-secondary education institution 
  • A license to carry a concealed weapon issued by a county sheriff in Idaho 

Voter Registration: 

April 22, 2022 is the pre-registration deadline for the May 17 Elections. 

  • Online registration forms must be submitted by midnight on May 17, 2022. 
  • Voter registration forms sent via mail must be postmarked by May 17, 2022. 
  • Voter registration forms delivered in person must be received by 5:00 p.m. at your county clerk’s office on May 17, 2022. 
  • Early voting begins on May 2, 2022. You can register in person during the early voting period or on Election Day. 

IMPORTANT: If you are a first-time voter in Idaho, you will need to submit a copy of current and valid photo identification (such as an Idaho driver’s license or other accepted photo identification) and proof of residency. If you do not have photo identification you may fill out a paper form to use the last four digits of your social security number You may not use the identification affidavit in place of accepted photo identification if you are registering to vote in person at your polling place on Election Day. 

Online Voter Registration

The Online Voter Registration system (OVR) for the 2022 Primary Election will be available beginning on March 9, 2022. You may still register to vote in-person during the early voting period, and on Election Day (May 17). 

Register by Mail

  1. Complete the voter registration form and mail it to your local county clerk’s office. A list of county clerk addresses is located on the form.  

  2. Provide proof of residency that contains a valid address which matches the address used on your voter registration application. 
  3. Provide a copy of your photo I.D. card.  
  4. Your county elections office will mail you a notification card letting you know that your registration was received. 

Register in Person at Your Polling Place on Election Day: 

  1. Complete the voter registration form and submit it at your polling place. 
  2. Provide proof of residency that contains a valid address which matches the address used on your voter registration form. 
  3. Provide a photo I.D. card. Note: you cannot sign the Personal Identification Affidavit in place of providing accepted photo identification if you are registering to vote in person on the day of the election. 

Documents Accepted to Prove Residency: 

  • A valid Idaho driver’s license was issued through the Idaho Department of Transportation. 
  • A valid Idaho identification card issued through the Idaho Department of Transportation. 
  • Any document which contains a valid address in the county you reside in, combined with a photo identification card.  
  • Students may use a valid student identification card from their university or college in Idaho combined with a current student fee statement that contains the student’s valid address in the county with a picture identification card. 

Absentee Ballot Process 

  1. Download the absentee ballot application online OR apply to receive an absentee ballot in the mail by submitting a written request to your County Clerk to request an absentee ballot. If you are currently incarcerated in jail, you may request an absentee ballot from the jail administrators. The deadline to request an absentee ballot is May 6, 2022. 
  2. Complete the application form and personally sign it. 
  3. Submit the form early enough so that the County Clerk gets it at least six days before Election Day. 

To be a successful voter, your official ballot (NOT the absentee ballot application) must be received by 8:00 pm on Election Day—May 17, 2022. 

For in-person early voting, contact your county clerk for dates, times, and location for absentee polling place in your county. In person early voting at your absentee polling place ends at 5:00 p.m. on Friday, May 13, 2022. 

View a list of county clerks in Idaho

Election Day 

On Election Day polls will be open from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., unless otherwise posted.

Voting Locations


There are several ways to find out where to vote on Election Day:

  • If you register to vote at least 25 days before Election Day, you should receive a voter registration card in the mail that tells you where your polling place is in your county. 
  • You can find your polling location by using the View My Voting Location tool. You will need to enter the address and county where you are registered to vote.   
  • You can also contact your County Clerk to find out where your polling place is. 

 For more information about Idaho elections, the Vote Idaho website.

Are you having issues or experiencing barriers exercising your right to vote? 

Contact the ACLU of Idaho Voting Rights Hotline by phone or online: 

Phone: 1-800-542-4737